A few days ago I was reading an article about the Renault Twizy Z.E, (100% Electric Urban design car), and, immediately ask to myself how the motor business reach to this point in its history. Researching, I had found some interesting information and details that will be exposing in this article.
It is very surprising that the electric motor was invented before the internal combustion engine. Moreover, in those times the companies started to get more interested in the electric cars, mainly because of its advantages: quieter, cheaper to produce and more efficient.
But, disadvantages were very strong: batteries did not work for and acceptable time and it size was too big. Despite, some corporations were interested into the development of this vehicle; they failed, mostly because it was a war period (1920). Therefore, the only option in the Automobilist business was the combustion engine (suspiciously created in the Golden Age of Capitalism period).
Since then, is widely known how fast commercial vehicles develop. Initially, just to cover society basic needs, but after a few years the concept change.
At the beginning, few people had cars, they felt free and more independent, and in conclusion it was an important step forward in their lives. But in the ´60, you could just be a bohemian or a standard, a person who will like a house with white fences. Then, the marketing and advertising business appeared, filling our mind with information about products that we need to have it: Why do you want an 80CV car if you get a 160 CV instead? Then the cars suffer an evolution into the idea of “bigger and stronger is always better”.
But when we thought that ours problems were solved, ZAS! , Energy Crisis arrives (1973-1979), and the question was; what can we do next? The cars were huge, expensive and fuels double its price in less than 12 months. Everything indicated an urgently change to look for other Energy different that the Oil, but NO!! All in all the oil was Arabic, but the extractive business was under the Westerner supervision and that business could not be stopped by the electric cars.
However, these companies decided to continue with the idea of the Oil as a principle energetic resource for develop countries. But they invest in technology that will improve vehicles efficiency, studying its aerodynamic, minimizing the motors and making the product lighter.
The ´80 arrived, the fuel price was still high, cars were improving it efficiency, society was asking for loans and David Bowie was on the TV. Everything was in balance and no one complained.
The entrance to the ´90 was fast and easy, the Berlin wall was destroyed and a new market was opened to the motor industry, General Motors create the EV1 (first electric car that some people could rent, but after some time, all the units were unused and disappear from the market. The message was that the cars were not safety and that the technology was not good enough to commercialize it, and then the electric cars develop was stopped for 10 years).
At the present, the society is clearly more conscious, we have access to a huge amount of information that can give us any movement in the motor industry. And, recently companies efforts goes to the electric car, hybrids, mixture or the hydrogen projects in order to respect the environment.
In conclusion, the idea of a Green Car is very realistic, now with the financial crisis (that the entire world in suffering), maybe governments will invest more in clean technologies, to create an alternative resource to the fossil fuels.
As we know, transportation generates a high amount of the CO2 emission that changes climate and disturb the environment. Because of this, in this section we will talk about new vehicles technologies that will make transportation cleaner and hopefully cheaper.
Read more at:
- Diesel Staion 2012. Renault Twizy ZE Concept. Available at: <http://www.dieselstation.com/cars/renault-twizy-ze-concept-a2150.html>
- RAC Foundation.2009.The 1973 – 1975 Energy Crisis and Its Impact on Transport. Available at:<http://www.racfoundation.org/assets/rac_foundation/content/downloadables/energy%20crisis%20-%20parish%20-%20161009%20-%20report.pdf>
By Bernardo Navarro