The objective of sustainable green architecture is to introduce a new construction concept integrated with Nature.
One of the most important ideas is to incorporated vegetation on the buildings, making a positive effect on the environmental performance of the architecture (reduced energy consumption, oxygen emissions in the environment, improved quality of life for citizens, etc., as well as an increased effect on the integration of architecture with Nature. In other words, at the present and in future vegetation should be considered an essential architectural element.
Architectural activities are directly responsible for 50% of energy consumption and indirectly responsible for approximately 60%, not to mention approximately 50% of the world´s waste disposal and emissions.
A universal course of action was outlined at the 1992 Rio de Janeiro conference, as a means of establishing sustainable economic development. A balance and sustainable form of development designed to guarantee the wellbeing of our society and future generations.
Sustainable architecture therefore has a duty to respect human development and social stability, adopting architectural strategies aimed at optimizing resources and material, reduce waste and emissions to a minimum and improve the quality of life of its occupants: this definition was approved by the most important architects in 2010 (World Sustainable Architecture Exhibition), such Ken Yeang, Emilio Ambasz, Richard Rogers, Antonio Lamela…(MVRDV).
Objectives of sustainable architecture:
1. Optimise use of materials and resources.
2. Reduce energy consumption and support renewable energy sources.
3. Reduce waste and emissions.
4. Reduce maintenance, exploitation and deterioration.
5. Improve the quality of life for occupants in the buildings.
Greenery in Green Architecture
There is a clearly a need to amended the basic foundations which, until now, have regulated both the architecture and its relation with vegetation.
Green architectural components are more important than ever and, even though this has always been the case, these components have usually been relegated to second place, on account of dissimilar architectural language.
Till the moment vegetation has been used as a visual feature, now is time to incorporate as a system to improve the level of sustainability and the bioclimatic performance. It might be a good idea to identify the advantages and disadvantages associated with using greenery.
Vegetation improves building´s insulation and inertia properties, which in turns, improves the wellbeing and quality of life of occupants, as well as a substantial reduction in energy consumption. In order to establish the best location for vegetation as part of building envelope structures, it is essential to make a study of the building´s thermal performance.
However, this is just a start on the sustainable design sector; in further articles will expose projects like Green Roofs, Vertical Gardens, etc.
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By Maria Navarro/ email@example.com